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The truth of Tan Sitong's theory of "no children" and others

tengxun_lishi @ 2019/10/19

I read several articles about Tan Sitong in my circle of friends, and I read a lot of confusion.


First, "Tan Sitong does not want children" is from the movie, not the historical facts.

He said:

"In the prison where there is no day, Tan Sitong's wife Li Runlai sees him last, and the 2 of them are in tears. The couple had a child in their early years, but unfortunately they died, but Tan Sitong was busy with social transformation, so that he had no children for many years. Now, her husband is going to torture, but he doesn't leave any children. Resuscitation (Tan Sitong's word), we still have no children. Tan Sitong's response surprised her. He said that the country was already dim. Now that a child is born, that is to give birth to a slave and live in the dark of authoritarianism. "

This is actually the plot in the movie "Tan Sitong" released in 1984 (see below).

Besides, before his arrest in 1898, his wife Li Run was not in Beijing, so it was impossible for them to have such a conversation between Tan Sitong and his wife. The plot of the movie is made up of fiction.

However, Tan Sitong held a strong critical position on the Qing court. He not only denounced Aixinjueluo's royalty as a "cheap class", but also claimed to be free from the Qing Dynasty's "seeking wind out of the boat," and tried to exchange money for the "imperial prison" status of Britain and Russia.

Two, sacrifice the scene, "the crowd applauded" from the imagination.

He said:

"In order to show discipline, Ci Xi ordered the executioner to cut more than 30 knives with a blunt knife. But all around them were numb people. They looked at Tan Sitong's eyes as if they were criminals who had committed crimes before. Their eyes were full of gloating. Some people even applauded... "

According to the historical data compiled by the Department of history of Tsinghua University, "the date of the 1898 Reform and documentation system," When Tan Si was killed in Caishikou, there were many crowds. However, there is no "With a blunt knife, more than 30 knives", "watching the crowd and even applauding." And so on, these are the novelists in the bookshops.

The scene of execution is recorded in the following historical records.

Ye Changchi's "Yuan Du Lu diary notes":

"Thirteen days after the afternoon, through the vegetable market, See crowding It is known as execution. When asked anxiously, the officials decided to commit six. "

Diary of Zheng Xiao Xu:

"Sun oblique, Wen Chai City kill six people. Long shift to speak, On the streets of Xuanwumen, there are third cars, namely, Lin Xu (Valley), whose clothes are reversed and their eyes are still visible. "

Kang Youwei's chronicle of his own life:

"Four execution in Caishikou. The audience is so crowded that Kang Guangren is willing to have words, and there is no one to look around. "Kang fled at that time, not in Beijing, where the source of his message was unknown.

The report of the Declaration:

"The visiting capital of the capital," the thirteen day before the deployment of the prison, there were three hundred soldiers, no book users and so on. The crowd is huge. In Russia, Yang Shenxiu and Yang Rui, Liu Guangdi, Lin Xu, Tan Sitong and Kang You wei's Kang Guangren were the six offenders. At four o'clock in the afternoon, the infantry commanding three Tang's collection of executioners and six prisoners' cars. The six prisoners were put forward in prison and loaded into the vehicle, and the officers and soldiers were sent to protect the market outside Xuanwu. When executed, all the gentry and the National Security Council were attracted by the temptation. ... When the execution is executed, there is a brother of a criminal officer who stands in the middle of a crowd. He sees his brother bowed and killed. He is so sad and urgent that he is very drunk. When the time passed, all the relatives of the prisoners heard the letter, and stitched the corpse and returned to the coffin. "

Three. Li Ao made up Tan Sitong's wife to Li Run.

In August 9th, the day before the arrest, Tan Sitong wrote a letter to his wife.

The letter reads as follows:

Leap wife like face:
In the past fifteen years, I have lived together to die. To write this letter, I am still a man in the world. If you look at this letter, I will become a ghost in the dark. But when I read this body, I will go on, and this will never die. In the next generation, living with lotus, such as the same life as the greying, the birds can fly with each other, and they can also laugh at each other. May the king regard glory and glory as a dream and regard death and humiliation as a common event. I will be together with the mourning child in the Western Paradise, waiting for him to meet again. My soul and my soul are not far away from each other.
In August 9th, the same date.

This is a fake letter, though it can move many people in reading.

The author of this letter is Li Ao, the source of which is his "Fa Yuan Temple in Beijing". Before the publication of the "Fa Yuan Temple in Beijing", this letter was never seen in the Chinese intellectual circles, and all versions of Tan Sitong collection, Tan Sitong corpus, Tan Sitong's complete works and Tan Sitong chronicle could not be found.

Figure: Li Ao's "Li Yuan Temple" in Beijing created by Tan Sitong to Li Ling's written letter.

At present, there are three letters from Tan Sitong's wife Li run.

According to chronological order.

The first was written in early May and three in early 1898. At that time, Tan Sitong received instructions to go to Beijing to take office and stay in Liuyang's hometown with many documents relating to his appointment. Therefore, he wrote to his wife Li Run and asked her to find out all these documents and bring them back to Changsha. (see below)

The second was written in June 13th of 1898. Tan was in Wuchang, Hubei. The content of the letter was to tell Li Runxu that he had come to Beijing. He also worried that Hunan would encounter a famine year. If there were bandits in Liuyang, Li Ling came to live in Hubei (Tan Fu was governor of Hubei).

The third was written in July 11th of 1898. At that time, Tan Sitong had arrived in Beijing. In the letter, Tan told his wife briefly about his work and physical condition, and urged his wife to read "women's journal". (see below)

Another remnant letter to Li Run was missing the head and tail, but only a few words: "I donated my own book, and I had nothing to do with my father's adult book. The books of the adults all exist on the upper floor of Meihua Lane ancestral hall, and they have been sent to check."

Looking at these three letters, they can be found to be highly uniform. (1) Tan Sitong called his wife Li Run. (2) his signature is "resuscitation". (3) at the end of the letter, there is a date, not a year. On the contrary, Li Ao's fabricated letter was addressed to Li Run as "the wife of a leap". The signature was "Hei Tong" and the date was "1898 August 9th".

This fabrication is rather bad, of course, Li Ao wrote a novel; unfortunately, many people take the plot of the novel as true.


Photo: in 2012, a book entitled "the masterpiece of famous celebrities in the past" was published. Li Ao's fictitious faith was regarded as a historical and historical income.

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