Assoon Army: the Caucasus near the Far East battlefield
In thirteenth Century, the iron empire of Mongolia empire was unstoppable in Europe and Asia. Many defeated or weak forces will bow before cruel reality and turn to serve new masters.
Alan, a remnant of classical nomadic forces, is one of the more famous. Although the number is small and the territory is small, it still relies on valour and military merit to win respect. Especially in the Far East, the appearance of Alan. And cultural characteristics are particularly conspicuous. Their important status was also recorded by historical records. speed The name of the army is preserved. Although the good times are short after all, they can be activated in other ways for a long time.
In classical times, Alan was distributed at the ends of the Caucasus.
The Alan people in the classical era often developed to the south in the second Century. They had invaded Cappadocia province of Rome Empire and were defeated by Ariane army, who wrote the Alexander expedition. Later, he attacked the northern part of the kingdom of the Republic of Asia and led the king to blackmail in the valley.
But after the rise of Hungarian forces, most of them came to Europe and North Africa along with the wave of ethnic migration. Fighting for Attila as a pioneer or defending the frontier for the Rome Empire, their fighting power was recognized by the sovereign. Many Germanic groups formed in the mobile era will also attract Alan people to strengthen their cavalry forces.
In the early Middle Ages, some of the Alan people still lived in the foothills of the Caucasus.
However, there are still a small number of Alan people who choose to stay where they are and continue to survive under the protection of the Caucasus mountains. After more than 500 years of twists and turns, they have succumbed to a number of nomadic pastoral powers, but they always retain the Iran language and strong fighting power.
In the 1221 Mongolia expedition, they also fought alongside Turkish forces such as Garr and Paul. So that until 1239, when the world came to Karakorum, the whole country turned to the court of the city. At this stage, they have chosen to convert to the orthodox religion and win the upper class favor of the pro nnito Tory Church in Mongolia. King hang HSI also let his son Atachi as hostage to join the Empire's timid guard.
In the west of Mongolia, Alan of Caucasus maintained an independent kingdom.
At this point, a large number of Alan soldiers were deployed at irregular intervals to take part in the imperial expeditions in various directions. Those invading Poland and Hungary were guided by Alan cavalry and the obedience of the people in the city. The defeat of Mamluk in the battle of arougja, with Alan being active in Mongolia. Even the later golden accounts Khanate will also recruit them to join the army and fight with almost all the Eastern European forces.
However, because of the limited number and customs and proximity to other ethnic groups in the Mongolia Turkic system, they are often ignored by the enemy. Even if a clue is left between the lines, it will not be the protagonist of the recorder.
The Alan people were influenced by Byzantium and converted to Orthodox Church.
Therefore, the real case of Alan's fame has always appeared in the Far East. Atachi, a prince who was a prince, was mixed up in a close guard. After the death of Komatsu Khan, he followed mongkhan to attack the Southern Song Dynasty, and was rewarded for his excellent performance. Another Alan aristocrat, Aslan, became commander of our army, attacking the most difficult mountain stronghold for the Mongolia army.
Although the Alan people are nomadic in general, they also have long life experience in the Caucasus mountain area, so they are very good at playing special skills in the battle of walking. When Kublai took the lead in attacking the kingdom of Dali, he carried many speed cavalry.
Kublai took Alan soldiers when he attacked Dali and Tubo.
When the monk Khan, a drunken alcoholic, died of plague in the fishing City, all the Alan soldiers immediately followed Aslan's loyalty to Kublai. This has earned them a decisive position in the future Mongolia Empire structure. Because of the doubt of legality of Kublai's succession, he was resisted by aristocratic aristocrats such as Ali and hai DU. They took the western region as a base and waited for the opportunity to counterattack Mongolia. Kublai, relying on the conquest of Han resources, constantly sent troops to fight with them. As for the limited number of Alan corps, it is also an important capital to fight against the western region's cavalry.
Even after the death of the Yuan Dynasty, Alan soldiers still contributed greatly to the stability of Mongol Yuan. For example, during the decisive battle in 1301, the Caucasus warrior's dogged style of work helped the yuan army to reverse the situation, thus completely defeating the strategic layout of the capital. The court of Khan eight realized its dream and began to dominate all the Mongolia forces in the form of a sovereign.
The fast army almost became the strongest force in the Yuan Dynasty.
In the period of Wu Zong, the imperial framework of the Yuan Dynasty was formally formed. In addition to fiscal reform and the establishment of the water transport system, we can not forget to strengthen the control of force in the central empire. The new group of Alan was dispatched from the Caucasus mountain area, sent to Gu Bei Kou and Datong respectively, and became the imperial door god at the junction of farming and pastoral economy. Commanders in addition to high positions and military power, they can allocate resources around the area for military supplies. Once the new situation in Mongolia is present, they can serve as a fast reaction force to go up to the north. If the southern provinces of the Empire have a sense of opposition, they will be able to march along the Grande Canale.
In cultural terms, these armies also brought orthodox beliefs into East Asia. Because of the loose religious policies of the Yuan Dynasty rulers, they could set up their own churches in their stations. Therefore, the Russians of later generations will trace their origins to them. But the European priest persuaded many members to convert to Catholicism later and sent letters to the Western Vatican.
The life of Yuan Dadu quickly lost the fighting power of the members.
But because of these excellent support systems, the members of the fast army lost their courage in the two generation. Especially the soldiers who live near most of the city are corrupted by the life of the city and lose their fighting skills. It also foreshadowed their future performance. When the red scarf forces were rapidly rising in the Yangtze Huaihe River Valley, the speed people who had already multiplied several times could not afford half the fighting power. As a result, in addition to robbing the countryside and being swept away, no substantial contributions were made to the suzerain.
After 1368, the remnants of the Yuan Dynasty either surrendered to the Ming dynasty or chose to return to the grasslands. A large number of descendants of a fast army who lost their fighting power were slaughtered in the most broken city, and a few remained steadfast to the Yuan Shun emperor. Those distant relatives who were stationed in Datong also chose to flee North after they joined the Wang Bao Bao group. Therefore, the history of the fast army headquarters is often considered to be over.
Faced with the scarlet army, the late AI people have no longer been able to fight back to their ancestors.
However, due to the fact that Beiyuan forces could not rebuild the imperial system in the grasslands, the former military and political departments also quickly evolved into independent tribes. The old descendants of the fast army of the past, like those who fled the north, were seeking independence in the grasslands. Their leaders were once very strong, and often appeared in the name of the Imperial College, and there was a great tendency to replace the descendants of the golden family.
Arutai, a member of the Tatar department, was the leader of the arsoon people in the early fifteenth Century. He interfered everywhere in the name of the Supreme Master of the Yuan Dynasty, and gradually reached a peace agreement with the pro Ming Dynasty, hoping to continue to maintain a smooth flow of goods. However, due to the overall closure policy of the Central Plains Empire, his limited supplies were hard to accumulate and gradually fell into the wind in the struggle for North. By March 1434, the born teacher of the fast people was killed by Mongolia, and the remnant was forced to migrate to the western part of the grassland again.
The remaining descendants of ah soon were buried in Mert Mongolia in sixteenth Century.
In the late fifteenth Century, the last azure people lived down to the north of the Hetao today. Faced with the Mongolia right wing formed by them, the Ming Dynasty's side army was unable to expel. However, the great destruction of the war at the end of the Yuan Dynasty and the early Ming Dynasty still caused the long-term destruction of the environment and economy of Hetao and its surrounding areas. The descendants of the guards can only continue to use pasture as the main economic means, unable to restore the settlement mode in the short time. Mongolia, which controls East Territory, can maintain considerable agricultural production and maintain trade economy through smuggling.
In 1509, Altan Khan, who had the blood of the golden family, was sent to the west to win the battle in the battle of Durant. The speed people became their subordinate people and later participated in the very embarrassing change of the emperor of the Ming Dynasty.
A small number of fast descendants also participated in almost all the Ming and Mongolian conflicts.
But in the end, it is Altan Khan's descendants who can get the privilege of Longqing switch. What did the descendants of ah speed descend? The deteriorating economy has made them waning in the vast ocean of grassland. By 1630s, the left wing of Chahar, which had considerable strength, was finally engulfed. Since then, it is difficult for them to appear in the eyes of all observers as an independent group.
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